One Thousand Children: Georgia's Role in the Rescue of Jewish Children

Henry Birnbrey aboard a ship to America, 1938.

From 1938 to 1940, efforts were made to rescue Jewish children from Nazi Germany by sending them to other countries.  While most of the children went to Great Britain in a program known as the Kindertransport, about a thousand unaccompanied children were sent to the United States. Restrictive immigration laws and a fear of stoking antisemitic opinions prevented the development of a large-scale government-sponsored program like the British Kindertransport in the United States.  Consequently, a loose network of individuals and organizations helped arrange for the immigration of roughly 1,500 Jewish children to the United States.

This effort, known as the One Thousand Children, has remained largely unexamined until recently.  Even less has been studied about the role of the Southern Jewish community in aiding these refugee children. This online exhibition shares the stories of some of the German Jewish children who settled in Georgia and explores the dangerous political situation that necessitated their flight. The exhibition uncovers how they adapted to life in a foreign country without their families, and what happened to their relatives in Europe.  Users are provided with information about the plight of modern-day refugees, displaced persons, and genocide survivors whose experiences are similar to those of Georgia's "One Thousand Children."

Enter the online exhibition