Country of Origin

Life in Captivity

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The Nazis established an extensive system of camps - labor camps, transit camps, prisoner-of-war camps and killing centers. Following the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, Hitler and the Nazis turned their policy of forced emigration, imprisonment and sporadic killing of Jews into mass murder. Central to the new policy was the systematic destruction of entire Jewish communities throughout Europe.

The murder progressed from the special killing squads, the Einsatzgruppen, who moved rapidly on the heels of the German army as it swept through cities, town and villages, to mass gassing and the burning of bodies in the killing centers. Each of the killing centers, Auschwitz-Birkenau, Majdanek, Sobibor, Belzac, Chelmno, and Treblinka was located on a main railway line in Poland. The systematic deportation, followed by the mass killing, involved the collaboration of many levels of German government and society and by most governments of German-occupied and Axis nations as well.


Move the cursor over the map at left to highlight camps in which Holocaust survivors who have resettled in Atlanta were imprisoned.


Click on a camp to see a list of those survivors and to learn more about the camp during the Second World War.


You will also be given the opportunity to learn about many survivors on the list.