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Jewish Research and Education - Cuba Family Archives, Finding Aids

Date Span:  1859-1998

Creator: Temple Beth Israel (Macon, Ga.)


Summary/Abstract:  Temple Beth Israel - Macon, Georgia was established in 1859 by eleven men who came together for that purpose at a house on Cherry Street in Macon, Georgia.   Today the congregation is still active in the Macon community. The collection consists of minutes, correspondence, cemetery records, financial and legal records, and general administrative files.  Of special interest are the minutes which provide an accounting of the congregation's activities from its inception in 1859.  The first minute book refers to members called to service for the Confederacy.

Quantity/Physical Description: 7 linear feet

Language(s):  English

Repository:  The Cuba Family Archives for Southern Jewish History, The William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum, 1440 Spring Street NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30309.
Restrictions on Access:  There are no restrictions on accessing material in this collection.

Restrictions on Use:  Copyright restrictions may apply.  Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright.  Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation:  Box #, Folder #, Mss 151, Temple Beth Israel (Macon, Ga.) Records, The Cuba Family Archives for Southern Jewish History, The William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum, 1440 Spring Street NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30309.

Separated Material:  Photographs removed to visual arts collection and oversized items removed to oversized collection.

Processed by:  Sarah Moosazadeh (December, 2006)

Arrangement:  All material is arranged in alphabetical order by subject and chronologically within each folder.

Biographical/Historical Note:  Temple Beth Israel was established in 1859.  The temple’s first constitution was adopted on December 4 of that same year, and can still be read in the original minute book, engraved by Mr. Dessau in English, interspersed with Hebrew.  The legislature of the State of Georgia granted the new congregation Beth Israel a charter on the same date.  The next step was to secure a religious leader in where shortly after the Rev. H. Loewenthal was installed at $700 for one year. The Congregation struggled throughout the Reconstruction period after the Civil War, but by 1866 business conditions began to improve.  That same year the congregation also experienced an increase in membership.  Soon, congregants began to focus their attention on the education of their children and it was not long before they hired the Rev. Davidson to teach day school. The year 1868 is an important one in Temple Beth Israel’s history as it marks the real beginning of the religious school.  That year, too, saw the establishment of a regular meeting of the temple board. As time went on membership and attendant responsibilities increased and in 1879 Rose Hill Cemetery which was used by Beth Israel could hold no more graves.  Soon after, the new burial ground to be known as William Wolff Cemetery was established.  It was in this climate that Rabbi, Issac E. Marcusson of Cincinnati, Ohio, freshly graduated from Hebrew Union College, came to Beth Israel in 1894.  Thus began a ministry that lasted until his death in 1952, interrupted in 1903 for a period of sixteen years.  Four years after Dr. Marcusson came to Beth Israel, a lot was purchased at Spring and Cherry Street where services have been held since. In 1934 Temple Beth Israel, celebrated its 75th anniversary.  The congregation joined with peoples of the world in donations for relief to those persecuted by the Nazis, and made a place for those refugees who found their way to Macon.  In 1939, the first United Jewish Appeal campaign was headed by a member of Beth Israel, and resulted in raising then the largest sum for philanthropy by the Jewish community. During the 1960s discussions began about the wearing of head covering by the male members during the services.  The Hebrew Union College was consulted.  They responded that it was not a matter of Jewish law but of custom and shortly thereafter the practice was discontinued.  Heads remained uncovered until about 1990 when the head covering was resumed.  Almost concurrently the Bar Mitzvah and Bat Mitzvah observances were introduced.  In the Congregation's 142 year history it has been led by fifty lay presidents and the membership has fluctuated from about 300 to 100 members. The records of Temple Beth Israel consist of minutes, correspondence, cemetery records, financial and legal records, and general administrative files.  Of special interest to researchers are the minutes which provide a clear accounting of the congregations activities from its inception in 1859.  The first minutes book refers to members called away to fight for the Confederacy. Genealogists will find that the marriage, membership and cemetery records provide useful information.

Scope and Content: Researchers studying the Temple Beth Israel (Macon, Ga.) Records will gain insight into Jewish religious life in Macon, Georgia. All material is arranged in alphabetical order by subject and chronologically within each folder.

Collection Inventory

Container 1                 Subject file, Anniversary - Board Meetings, 1916-1997

Folder 1:          Anniversary 75th, 1934.

Folder 2:          Anniversary 85th, 1944.

Folder 3:          Anniversary 90th, 1949.

Folder 4:          Anniversary 95th, 1954.

Folder 5:          Anniversary, 100th, 1959 - 1960.

Folder 6:          Anniversary 125th, 1959 - 1984.

Folder 7:          Annual meetings, 1964 - 1965.

Folder 8:          Annual Report, 1953 - 1997.

Folder 9:          Annual Report – board of education, 1996.

Folder 10:        Annual Report – Kroger Cash, 1994 -1997.

Folder 11:        Annual Report – President and Vice President, 1984-1997.

Folder 12:        Annual Report – Rabbis, 1994.

Folder 13:        Annual Report – Sisterhood, 1986-1994.

Folder 14:        Annual Report – Treasury, 1984-1991.

Folder 15:        Board meetings, 1942.

Folder 16:        Board meetings – attendance records, 1987- 1990.

Folder 17:        Board meetings – correspondence, 1944 - 1967.

Folder 18:        Board minutes, 1896 - 1916 (see oversize container for minutes 1859-1895.)

Folder 19:        Board minutes, 1916 – 1936.

Folder 20:        Board minutes – loose pages, 1906-1946. `

 

Container 2              Subject file, Board Minutes, 1951-1983

Folder 1:          Board minutes, 1951-1959.

Folder 2:          Board minutes, 1951-1954.

Folder 3:          Board minutes, 1955-1957.

Folder 4:          Board minutes, 1958-1963.

Folder 5:          Board minutes, 1969-1970.

Folder 6:          Board minutes, 1971.

Folder 7:          Board minutes, 1972- 1973.

Folder 8:          Board minutes, 1974.

Folder 9:          Board minutes, 1982-1983.

 

Container   3              Subject file, Board Minutes, 1983-1994

Folder 1:          Board minutes, 1983.

Folder 2:          Board minutes, 1984.

Folder 3:          Board minutes, 1985.

Folder 4:          Board minutes, 1985-1986.

Folder 5:          Board minutes, 1991.

Folder 6:          Board minutes, 1992.

Folder 7:          Board minutes, 1993.

Folder 8:          Board minutes, 1994.

 

Container 4              Subject file, Board minutes – Cemetery 1920-1997

Folder 1:          Board minutes, 1995.

Folder 2:          Board minutes, 1996.

Folder 3:          Board minutes, 1997.

Folder 4:          Building – donations, 1954-1959.

Folder 5:          Building – general, 1920-1991.

Folder 6:          Building – specifications, 1954-1962.

Folder 7:          Bulletins, 1981-1991.

Folder 8           Cemetery – dues, 1920-1931.

 

Container   5              Subject file, Cemetery – Central Conference, 1880-1966.

Folder 1:          Cemetery – dues, 1928-1959.

Folder 2:          Cemetery – dues, 1928 – 1959.

Folder 3:          Cemetery – dues, 1960-1969.

Folder 4:          Cemetery – dues, 1960-1966.

Folder 5:          Cemetery – general records, 1944-1972.

Folder 6:         Cemetery – land purchases, 1879-1956.

Folder 7:          Cemetery – maintenance, 1944-1964.

Folder 8:          Cemetery – plot purchases, 1884-1942.

Folder 9:          Centennial, 1959.

Folder 10:        Certificate from Central State Hospital, 1986.

Folder 11:        Central Conference of American Rabbis, 1947.

Container   6              Subject file, Committee assignments – social action, 1884-1997.

Folder 1:          Committee – assignments, 1959-1981.

Folder 2:          Committee – adult education, 1964-1984.

Folder 3:          Committee – attendance, 1985-1989.

Folder 4:          Committee – Camp Coleman, 1984-1987.

Folder 5:          Committee – carpool, 1992.

Folder 6:          Committee – cemetery, 1984-1987.

Folder 7:          Committee – choir, 1984-1994.

Folder 8:          Committee – endowment, 1988-1993.

Folder 9:          Committee – finance, 1952.

Folder 10:        Committee – fundraising, 1987-1997.

Folder 11:        Committee – good neighbor award, 1985-1989.

Folder 12:        Committee – house, 1984-1986.

Folder 13:        Committee – investment, 1989-1997.

Folder 14:        Committee – membership, 1984-1997

Folder 15:        Committee – memorials and plaques, 1984-1993.

Folder 16:        Committee – nominating, 1984-1996.

Folder 17:        Committee – rabbinate, 1984-1996.

Folder 18:        Committee – religious school, 1984-1991.

Folder 19:        Committee – renovation, 1991.

Folder 20:        Committee – social action, 1994-1997.

Folder 21:        Committee – temple preservation, 1989.

Folder 22:        Committee – Tree of Life, 1984-1997.

Folder 23:        Community Calendar, 1955-1956.

Folder 24:        Confirmation, 1899-1997

Folder 25:        Consecration of the Synagogue, 1860.

Folder 26:        Constitution and by-laws, 1903-1991.

Folder 27:        Conversion, 1913

Folder 28:        Correspondence and related material, 1914-1944.

Folder 29:        Correspondence and related material, 1945.

Folder 30:        Correspondence and related material, 1946.

Folder 31:        Correspondence and related material, 1947.

Folder 32:        Correspondence and related material, 1948.

Folder 33:        Correspondence and related material, 1949.


Container   7              Subject file, Correspondence, 1950-1958

Folder 1:          Correspondence and related material, 1950.

Folder 2:          Correspondence and related material, 1951.

Folder 3:          Correspondence and related material, 1952.

Folder 4:          Correspondence and related material, 1953.

Folder 5:          Correspondence and related material, 1954.

Folder 6:          Correspondence and related material, 1955.

Folder 7:          Correspondence and related material, 1956.

Folder 8:          Correspondence and related material, 1957.

Folder 9:          Correspondence and related material, 1958.


Container   8              Subject file, Correspondence - Financial

Folder 1:          Correspondence and related material, 1959.

Folder 2:          Correspondence and related material, 1960.

Folder 3:          Correspondence and related material, 1961.

Folder 4:          Correspondence and related material, 1962.

Folder 5:          Correspondence and related material, 1963.

Folder 6:          Correspondence and related material, 1964.

Folder 7:          Correspondence and related material, 1965.

Folder 8:          Correspondence and related material, undated.

Folder 9:          Dues, income from investments, 1977-1987.

Folder 10:        Elections, undated

Folder 11:        Financial –audits, 1958-1976.

Folder 12:        Financial – bank books, 1948-1954.

Folder 13:        Financial – budgets, 1885-1998.

Folder 14:        Financial – correspondence, 1919-1925.

Folder 15:        Financial – dues, 1871-1892.

Folder 16:        Financial – miscellaneous, 1952-1977.

Folder 17:        Financial – promissory notes, 1899-1957.

Container   9              Subject file, Financial – General

Folder 1:          Financial –statement, 1951-1983.

Folder 2:          Financial – tax exemption forms, 1880-1993.

Folder 3:          Friedman, Newton J. – resignation, 1955-1957.

Folder 4:          General ledger, 1943-1944.

Folder 5:          General ledger, 1946-1949.

Folder 6:          General ledger, 1950-1953.

Folder 7:          General ledger, 1951-1959 (A-C).

Folder 8:          General ledger, 1951-1959 (D-O).

Folder 9:          General ledger, 1951-1959 (P-Z).


Container   10            Subject file, General - Membership

Folder 1:          General ledger, 1951-1957.

Folder 2:          General ledger, 1954-1956.

Folder 3:          General ledger, 1957-1959.

Folder 4:          Georgia Journal, 1953-1965.

Folder 5:          Goldstein, Rabbi Ronald M.  –1982-1985.

Folder 6:          History of Temple Beth Israel, 1955.  

Folder 7:          Incorporation, 1859.

Folder 8:          Indentures, undated.

Folder 9:          Insurance, 1950-1959.

Folder 10:        Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 1947.

Folder 11:        Marcusson, Rabbi Isaac E., 1934-1959.

Folder 12:        Membership (contains: applications, general, lists, new members, monthly reports, questionnaire, resigned members, statistics, and survey), 1945- 1953.


Container   11            Subject file, Memorials - Union

Folder 1:          Memorials, 1990-1996.

Folder 2:          Miscellaneous, undated.

Folder 3:          News articles, 1946.

Folder 4:          Nordlinger, Bernard Reverend, 1863.

Folder 5:          Officers speeches, 1989-1997.

Folder 6:          Opening Prayer, 1891.

Folder 7:          Property (contains: agreements and contracts), 1899 – 1937.

Folder 8:          Resolutions, 1938-1945.

Folder 9:          Sisterhood, 1944.

Folder 10:        Sisterhood – celebration cards and yearbooks, 1989-1998.

Folder 11:        Sisterhood – minutes, 1988-1992.

Folder 12:        Song sheets, undated.

Folder 13:        Statistics, 1976-1978.

Folder 14:        Sunday school, 1944-1997.

Folder 15:        Tau Epsilon Pi – Emory, 1945.

Folder 16:        Temple Beth Or, 1951.

Folder 17:        Temple guild cookbook, 1905.

Folder 18:        Temple youth group, 1961- 1963.

Folder 19:        Union of American Hebrew Congregations, 1949-1959.

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