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Jewish Research and Education - Cuba Family Archives, Finding Aids

Dates:  1977 - 1981

Creator:  William B. Schwartz

Summary/Abstract:  Miscellaneous records from Ambassador's Schwartz's tenure as United States Ambassador to the Bahamas during President Carter administration.

Quantity/Physical Description:  .4 linear feet

Language(s):  English

Repository:  The Cuba Family Archives for Southern Jewish History, The William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum, 1440 Spring Street NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30309.

Restrictions on Access:  There are no restrictions on accessing material in this collection.

Restrictions on Use:  Copyright restrictions may apply.  Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright.  Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation:  Box #, Folder #, Mss 277, William B. Schwartz (Honorable) Papers, The Cuba Family Archives for Southern Jewish History, The William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum, 1440 Spring Street NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30309.

Separated Material:  Photographs move to visual arts collection.

Processed by:  Demece Harvey (December 2013)

Arrangement:   All material is arranged alphabetically by subject and chronologically within each folder.

Biographical/Historical Note:  William Bernstein Schwartz, Jr., a lifelong resident of Atlanta,(November 14, 1921 - May 18, 2010).  Mr. Schwartz was the son of Ruth Kuhn Schwartz and William Bernstein Schwartz.  He graduated from Druid Hills High School at age 16 and entered the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill from which he graduated in 1942. Upon graduation, six months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, he entered the United States Naval Reserve Officers Candidate School at Newport, Rhode Island and was commissioned an Ensign, thereby becoming a "Ninety Day Wonder."  After serving as a line officer on destroyer escorts and participating in the invasion of North Africa, he completed his naval service as a lieutenant in 1945.

At a dance in his early teens, he met Sonia Weinberg, a petite Buckhead girl. There was an immediate attraction and from then on they had eyes only for each other. They were married at The Hebrew Benevolent Congregation (The Temple) in December, 1942, when he was on leave from the Navy.  Their storybook marriage was a family legend.

Mr. Schwartz was supportive of many local Democratic Party candidates, the most notable of which was the gubernatorial campaign of Jimmy Carter, whose progressive ideas and enthusiastic tenacity appealed to him.  He was introduced to Carter by their mutual friend Jerry Rafshoon. As Carter's presidential bid was formed, Bill became, along with Atlantans Anne Cox Chambers, Andrew Young and Philip Alston, Co-Chairman of the Carter Finance Committee that raised contributions for his successful campaign. After Carter's election, these four civic leaders were each appointed to an Ambassadorship. Bill was appointed Ambassador to the Bahamas and served there from 1977 to January, 1981. One of the toughest issues he faced while serving there was negotiating with the Bahamian government to grant the Shah of Iran, who had been deposed, political asylum. This event, documented in historical accounts, occurred when Hamilton Jordan, The White House Chief of Staff, called him on behalf of President Carter. The Shah remained in Nassau for several months. Bill was very proud of the time he and Sonia spent there.

Ambassador Schwartz served as President of The Temple during the 1950's. During his term, on October 12, 1958, The Temple was bombed. This event caused the national spotlight to be put on Atlanta. When many churches, especially First Presbyterian Church of Atlanta and its leader, Reverend Harry Fifield, reached out to offer assistance and worship space, Bill established associations that have survived and developed over the years.  When Alfred Uhry's "Driving Miss Daisy" was filmed in Atlanta, Bill was an "extra," playing himself, The Temple's President. He liked to joke, "If you blink, you will miss my scene." Unfortunately, it was not a speaking role, as he was often recognized for (and proud of) his deep, resonant voice.

For most of his business career he was associated with National Service Industries, Inc., where he was a board member as well as President of the Zep Manufacturing Company division.  After retiring early due to health reasons in 1968, he became president of Weine Investment Corporation, a private family investment company. He was also a director of Artex International, Balcor Energy Company and Phoenix Supply Company. When in the 1960's, the City of Atlanta voted to build a rapid transit system, he became MARTA's Vice Chairman.

In addition to his active business life, he had a robust involvement in Atlanta civic organizations. He was chairman of the Board of Visitors of Emory University, President of the Kiwanis Club of Northside Atlanta, Chairman of the Florence Crittenden Home, and Chairman of the Atlanta Chapter of the American Red Cross. He was also Co-Chairman of The Chatham Valley Foundation, a family philanthropy. He was especially proud of his role over thirty years ago in helping Dorothy and Hamilton Jordan found Camp Sunshine, the organization that provides programs for children with cancer and their families. He was also a board member of the Atlanta Botanical Garden, Big Brothers of Atlanta, Atlanta Chamber of Commerce, the Jewish Federation of Greater Atlanta, and President of the Atlanta Chapter of the American Jewish Committee. During the turbulent 1960's, he was Vice Chairman of the National Community Relations Advisory Council in Washington.

His philanthropy was widespread and silent. With his brother-in-law Elliott Goldstein, they founded the Weinberg Center for Holocaust Education, named after their parents-in-law, Lillian and A.J. Weinberg, which educates high school students on the dangers of prejudice and discrimination.

Scope and Content:  Miscellaneous records from Ambassador's Schwartz's tenure as United States Ambassador to the Bahamas during the Carter administration.

Collection Inventory

Box

File

Description

Date

 

1

1

Bahamian Events

1977 – 1980

 

2

Commonwealth of the Bahamas

1979

 

3

Correspondence

1977 – 1980

 

4

Newspaper articles (reprints)

1977 – 1979

 

5

Presentation of Credentials

1977

 

6

Special Personal Files

1977 – 1980

 

7

State Department

1980

 

8

Symonette, Sir Roland Theodore

1980

 

9

U.S. Embassy American Personnel

1981

 

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